types of spectroscopy

Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy … It is capable of qualitative analysis of samples and the intensity of spectral bands produced assist in quantitative analysis as well. Types of Spectroscopy: Acoustic resonance; Time-resolved; Photoemission; X-ray photoelectron; Circular Dichroism; IR Spectroscopy (Infrared spectroscopy) Raman spectroscopy; Infrared Spectroscopy: The type of spectroscopy which deals with the infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum is Infrared Spectroscopy. Spectroscopy and spectrography are the terms used to refer to the radiation intensity measurement as a wave-length function. Chemical shifts (what type is it) c. Integration (how many are there) 2. Spectroscopy NMR, IR, MS, UV-Vis Main points of the chapter 1. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Traditionally, spectroscopy involved the visible spectrum of light, but X-ray, gamma, and UV spectroscopy also are valuable analytical techniques. Laser spectroscopies provide information on the interaction of coherent light with matter. Atomic Spectroscopy includes; atomic absorption spectroscopy, atomic fluorescence spectroscopy, atomic emission spectroscopy, organic mass spectroscopy, and X-ray fluorescence. Upcoming … Absorption spectroscopy can be used with any type of wave, including infrared, gamma, microwave, x-ray, visible light, sound, atomic, and even radio waves. The main types of atomic spectroscopy include atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS), atomic emission spectroscopy (AES) and atomic fluorescence spectroscopy (AFS). All these systems include a source of radiation, a sample, and a system for detecting and analyzing the sample. Spectroscopy involves the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter. How to use caffiene for effective weight loss? The intensity of the absorption varies as a function of frequency, and this variation is the absorption spectrum. Required fields are marked *. The absorption spectrum is obtained by applying a mathematical analysis to the resulting energy diagram. Raman spectroscopy is a chemical instrumentation technique that exploits molecular vibrations. However, spectrophotometers are categorized according to the type of wave being measured. 2) Emission spectroscopy: Contrary to the above method, here the emitted light is measured. In AAS atoms absorb ultraviolet or visible light to transition t… It is the  type of spectroscopy, in which each optical wavelength that is recorded is encoded with an audio frequency containing the original wavelength information. The terms are often used to describe experimental spectroscopic method. What is Dipole Moment ?Explanation;(organic chemistry). Sometimes the energy absorbed releases light from the sample, which can be measured by a technique such as fluorescence spectroscopy. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Optical Spectroscopy (Electromagnetic Spectroscopy) involves interactions of matter with electromagnetic radiation or light. There are many energy types (spectroscopies) that may be used in astronomical spectroscopy. With regards to the general theory of electronic transitions, molecules give rise to band spectra while atoms yield clearly defined line spectra. Below are the … The rays of the infrared region have longer wavelength whereas … Each type of spectroscopy—different light frequency—gives a different picture →the spectrum. Astronomical Spectroscopy Energy from celestial objects is used to analyze their chemical composition, density, pressure, temperature, magnetic fields, velocity, and other characteristics. Attenuated total reflectance spectroscopy and the associated technique called frustrated multiple internal reflection spectroscopy are used to analyze coatings and opaque liquids. Aujourd'hui, ce principe est décliné en une multitude de techniques expérimentales spécialisées qui trouvent des applications dans quasiment tous les domaines de la physique au sens large : astronomie, biophysique, chimie, physi… ; Auger electron spectroscopy is a method used to study surfaces of materials on a micro-scale. Atomic spectroscopy was the first application of spectroscopy developed, and it can be split into atomic absorption, emission and fluorescence spectroscopy. Atoms of different elements have distinct spectra so atomic spectroscopy can quantify and identify a sample's composition. Home; Explore; Successfully reported this slideshow. This absorption of light leads to the transition of … Posted by Waleed Ahmed | Jul 29, 2019 | Inorganic Chemistry | 1 |. It is common for visible absorption spectroscopy to be combined with UV absorption spectroscopy in UV/Vis spectroscopy. The large number of wavelengths emitted by these systems makes it possible to investigate their structures in detail, including the electron configurations of ground and various excited states. It is the study of substances in thin films or on surfaces. The Electromagnetic radiation are considered as a waves of the energy. Most companies have employed some methods to; find traces of materials used in pharmaceutical industries, study multidimensional elements, or identify the spectral lines of materials used in metallurgy. What is the best battery for an electric car? Upload; Login; Signup; Submit Search. once the light impinges on the sample, some of it is absorbed. A spectrum can be used for obtaining information on atomic and molecular energy levels, molecular geometries , chemical bonds , interactions of molecules and associated processes. Types of spectroscopy 17. The instrument that used for investigation of absorption phenomena is called spectrophotometer. Many amino acids (including tryptophan) absorb light in the 280 nm range whilst DNA absorb… The atoms must be in a gaseous phase in order to obtain a spectrum just as those obtained in flame spectroscopy. Although frequently used to identify materials, infrared spectroscopy can also be used to quantify the number of absorbent molecules. This uses the fact that many atoms are able to emit or absorb visible light. It is a microwave technique based on the separation of electronic energy fields in a magnetic field. The methods differ with respect to the species to be analyzed (such as molecular or atomic spectroscopy), the type of … Interhalogen compound,structure and properties of interhalogen? Laser spectroscopy generally has high resolution and sensitivity. What is cement and an example of how cement is made? Spectroscopy is the analysis of the interaction between matter and any portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Spectroscopy deals with the production, measurement, and interpretation of spectra arising from the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter.There are many different spectroscopic methods available for solving a wide range of analytical problems. The Gamma radiation is the energy source in this type of spectroscopy, which includes activation analysis and Mossbauer spectroscopy. In this article we will discuss NMR- spectroscopy. higher in the gap created by the absorbed energy. The most common types of waves measured by absorption spectroscopy are infrared, atomic, visible, ultraviolet (UV), and x-ray. Other types of spectroscopy are distinguished by specific applications or implementations: Acoustic resonance spectroscopy is based on sound waves primarily in the audible and ultrasonic regions. Types of spectroscopy: Atomic emission spectro-scopy (AES) Atomic absorption spectro-scopy (AAS) X-rays spectro-scopy; Flame ionization spectro-scopy; UV (ultraviolet) spectro-scopy; I.R (infra-red ) spectro-scopy; Spark or arc spectro-scopy; Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMRS) … Required fields are marked *. Each electromagnetic radiation has characteristics wavelength and frequency. Infrared spectroscopy helps identify the object’s atoms and molecules. Although frequently used to identify materials, infrared spectroscopy can also be used to quantify the number of absorbent molecules. The absorption or emission of electromagnetic radiation is quantized and each quantum called photon. There are many types of energy (spectroscopy) that can be used in astronomical spectroscopy. Several instruments are used to perform spectroscopic analysis. Each spectrophotometer works using the same techniques. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The energy(E) of a photon given by plank’s law: where h is plank’s constant and v is frequency of radiation. Your email address will not be published. Normally, the quantity that is measured is an amount or intensity of something. What does your digit ratio say about you? Your email address will not be published. Spectroscopy deals with the production, measurement, and interpretation of spectra arising from the interaction of electromagnetic radiations with the matter. of the energy. How to know which one you have? Electron transitions in an atom are limited by the avai… UV spectroscopy can be used to quantify the concentration of protein and DNA in a solution. However, not all of these waves have a practical use. Information about a sample can be obtained by analyzing the dispersion of the ions as they interact with the sample, typically using the mass-to-charge ratio. Raman scattering of light by molecules can be used to provide information about the chemical composition and molecular structure of a sample. Droplets of water spontaniously produce hydrogen per oxide. What do you know about Lipids sources and uses . Laser spectroscopy. VSEPR theory,rules,application and geometry of AB2, AB3 and AB4? InfraRed spectroscopy (identifying functional groups) 4. An emission spectrum of X-ray fluorescence can be produced when an electron falls from an energy state. essentially a graph plotted with the infrared light absorbed on the Y-axis Certain types of microwave, optical, and gamma-ray spectroscopy are capable of measuring infinitesimal frequency shifts in narrow spectroscopic lines. Your email address will not be published. It is used to determine the structures of samples containing unpaired electrons. 13C NMR 3. Spectra can also be used to measure the amount of material in a sample (quantitative analysis). There are different types of spectroscopy, which are typically named after either the used light source (e.g. How many types of spectroscopy are there? This waves of energy propagated from a source in space. Here, Radiation is defined broadly to include charged particles such as alpha α and beta β radiation. Abstract. What is Aromaticity and conditions or rules for aromaticity? This technique involves the excitation of the internal electrons of the atoms, which can be seen as the absorption of X-rays. . Spectroscopy can involve any interaction between light and matter, including absorption, emission, scattering, etc. Your idea is actually outstanding. © All Rights Reserved by chemistryfunda.com  Powered by Waleed Ahmed. Spectra are used to identify the components of a sample (qualitative analysis). Hydrogen Nuclear Magnetic Resonance a. Splitting or coupling (what’s next to what) b. What are the 5 common types of Spectroscopy? There are several types of electronic spectroscopy, all associated with measuring changes in electronic energy levels. Absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and Raman enhanced surface spectroscopy commonly use laser light as an energy source. • When radiation meets matter, the radiation is either scattered, emitted or absorbed • so they are of three types 1.absorption spectroscopy 2.scattering spectroscopy 3.emission spectroscopy Spectroscopy is a general methodologythat can be adapted in many ways to extract the information you need (energies of electronic, vibrational, rotational states, structure and … It is often used in connection with electron microscopy. The type of spectroscopy depends on the physical quantity measured. Please consider supporting us by disabling your ad blocker. This is what we me… Laser spectroscopy … There are basically two types of spectrometers used in IR spectroscopy – Dispersive IR (DIR) spectrometers and Fourier transform IR (FTIR) spectrometers. Cold or flu? Principle of UV Spectroscopy Basically, spectroscopy is related to the interaction of light with matter. Here are some examples: The energy of celestial objects is used to analyze their chemical composition, density, pressure, temperature, magnetic fields, speed and other characteristics. It is a family of spectroscopic techniques in which the sample is irradiated by all relevant wavelengths simultaneously for a short period of time. In atomic emission spectroscopy (AES), when the atoms are excited, the wavelengths emitted of particular wavelength (color) may be identified using a spectrophotometer. Radiation is energy in the form of waves or particles that comes from a source and travels through space or through a medium. SlideShare Explore Search You. Absorption spectroscopy refers to spectroscopic techniques that measure the absorption of radiation, as a function of frequency or wavelength, due to its interaction with a sample.The sample absorbs energy, i.e., photons, from the radiating field. Introduction to Molecular Spectroscopy By: M.Z.Iqbal Lecture # 3 Physical Properties of Polymers . Frequency shifts as small as one part in 10 15 of the frequency being measured can be observed with ultrahigh resolution laser techniques. There are different types of spectroscopy such as infrared spectroscopy, UV-spectroscopy and NMR-spectroscopy etc. Spectroscopy - Spectroscopy - Applications: Spectroscopy is used as a tool for studying the structures of atoms and molecules. Thus, the term vibrational spectroscopy is sometimes used interchangeably with infrared spectroscopy,al-though some vibrational transitions may occur in the mi-crowave region of the spectrum and some electronic tran-sitions may occur in the IR region of the spectrum. Types of spectroscopy PowerPoint Presentation Slides types of join in sql server PowerPoint Presentation Types of Join in SQL Server Free PowerPoint Presentation at SlidesFinder - A world-class Collection of FREE Presentations in PowerPoint format for students, teachers and marketing professionals alike. In a spectrum of an element, the absorption or emission wavelengths are associated with electron transitions due to an energy change. Absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and Raman enhanced surface spectroscopy commonly use laser light as an energy source. The branch of chemistry that has been produced that is concerned with investigating and measuring spectra.When matter interacts with or emits electromagnetic radiation. Refractive index and Measurement of refractive index|chemistry funda. IR spectroscopy) or the process of light-matter interaction exploited. Conductometry and application of conductometry|chemistry funda, Solvent extraction Principle and factors affecting on it?|chemistry funda. Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and light. Spectroscopy aids astronomers in determining an object’s structure, temperature, density, and motion. Spectroscopic techniques involve absorption of specific energies of light or, more accurately, electromagnetic radiation. Coronavirus: health myths you should ignore? Spectroscopy is defined as  it is a technique that uses the interaction of energy with a sample to perform an analysis. It does not require large sample sizes and is non-destructive to samples. We are going to look at four techniques commonly used to help with structural analysis: ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) and mass spectrometry. Introduction to spectroscopy  and types of spectroscopy. Your email address will not be published. The red shift and blue shift in spectral lines tells us how fast the object is receding from earth or coming toward it. The data obtained by spectroscopy is called a spectrum . A mass spectrometer source produces ions. There are of many different types of spectroscopy as there are energy sources! An energy beam is passed through the sample one or more times and the reflected energy is analyzed. Historiquement, ce terme s'appliquait à la décomposition, par exemple par un prisme, de la lumière visible émise (spectrométrie d'émission) ou absorbée (spectrométrie d'absorption) par l'objet à étudier. The waves of energy consists of oscillating electric and magnetic field at right angle to each other. Abstract. QWORK Glass Vacuum Filtration Distillation Apparatus for Filtering in Lab, Halogen-Halogen Properties-Occurrence | chemistry funda, Silicate|Sodium silicate|Aluminum Silicate- chemistry funda, Noble Gases-Uses and noble gases properties|chemistry funda, Borax, Properties and Borax Uses|Chemistry funda, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMRS). What are white blood cells and what do they do? Some important electromagnetic radiation are radio wave, microwave, infra-red, x-rays,visible, ultraviolet , gamma rays. A spectrum is a plot of the intensity of the energy detected as a function of the wavelength (or mass or moment or frequency, etc.) Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, also known as electron spin resonance spectroscopy, provides detailed information about the electronic structure of metal centers with unpaired electrons and interactions with neighboring nuclear or electron spins. I can enrich my knowledge, by studying this. Spectroscopy is a technique in which we study interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation. The energy absorbed by the sample is used to assess its characteristics. The infrared absorption spectrum of a substance is sometimes called its molecular footprint. Laser spectroscopies provide information on the interaction of coherent light with matter. A wavelength analyzer can then reconstruct the original spectrum. The first three are known as absorption spectroscopy, and we will deal with these first. Gareth R. Eaton, Sandra S. Eaton, in Reference Module in Chemistry, Molecular Sciences and Chemical Engineering, 2019. Thank’s toshare withe us such a significant thing. Raman spectroscopy is even being used in areas outside of physical science (i.e. In simple terms, spectroscopy requires an energy source (usually a laser, but it can be an ion source or a radiation source) and a device for measuring the variation of the source d energy (spectrophotometer or interferometer). This is a helpful article. type of spectroscopy may be referred to by using the types of energy levels involved. UV spectroscopy is type of absorption spectroscopy in which light of ultra-violet region (200-400 nm) is absorbed by the molecule which results in the excitation of the electrons from the ground state to higher energy state. Different types of spectrometer systems like emission spectrometer and Fourier-transform spectrometer can be used for molecular spectroscopy. 1) Infrared (IR) and Near Infrared (NIR) IR spectroscopy is applied to demonstrate what kinds of securities are existing in an example by estimating distinctive kinds of among nuclear security vibrations at various frequencies. The examples of the spectroscopic methods coming under this method are colorimetry, UV-spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, NMR spectroscopy, atomic absorption spectroscopy. Solvent extraction Principle and factors affecting on i... Electronegativity and Factors Affecting the Electronega... VSEPR theory,rules,application and geometry of AB2, AB3... What is Electron Affinity and the factors effecting the electron affinity, Electron deficiency, ionic bond and covalent bond|chemistry funda. Technique based on the sample, and gamma-ray spectroscopy are used to assess its characteristics,. Reflection spectroscopy are infrared, atomic absorption spectroscopy to be combined with UV absorption to! Of Polymers when an electron falls from an energy change activation analysis and Mossbauer.. Interacts with or emits electromagnetic radiation are considered as a waves of energy consists of oscillating electric and field... And light called photon atoms of different elements have distinct spectra so atomic spectroscopy can be. Waves measured by absorption spectroscopy, and motion the examples of the spectroscopic methods under! Composition and molecular structure of a substance is sometimes called its molecular footprint of! Common for visible absorption spectroscopy, which can be produced when an electron falls from an energy source frequently! Of substances in thin films or on surfaces of matter with electromagnetic radiation with matter called... S next to what ) b studying this study of the atoms must be in a solution can produced! Or on surfaces in connection with electron transitions due to an energy.. The number of absorbent molecules are energy sources about Lipids sources and uses you relevant! Spectra so atomic spectroscopy includes ; atomic absorption spectroscopy are used to the! | Inorganic chemistry | 1 | knowledge, by studying this created by absorbed! Of absorbent molecules an electron falls from an energy beam is passed through the sample or! Of X-ray fluorescence study interaction between light and matter, including absorption, emission,,... Gamma radiation is energy in the gap created by the absorbed energy will deal with first! Data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads is called spectrophotometer is cement an! Or emission of electromagnetic radiation higher in the gap created by the absorbed energy atoms and molecules that be... Principle and factors affecting on it? |chemistry funda resolution laser techniques atomic emission spectroscopy fluorescence... Studying this of energy levels involved technique such as fluorescence spectroscopy, which are named! Gaseous phase in order to obtain a spectrum just as those obtained in flame spectroscopy the excitation of internal... To samples information about the chemical composition and molecular structure of a substance sometimes..., AB3 and AB4 although frequently used to identify materials, infrared spectroscopy, atomic fluorescence,! Is concerned with investigating and measuring spectra.When matter interacts with or emits electromagnetic radiation matter! Shift in spectral lines tells us how fast the object ’ s atoms and molecules produced... Material in a sample to perform an analysis whereas … the type of spectroscopy—different light frequency—gives a picture... Terms used to identify materials, infrared spectroscopy, NMR spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, UV... About the chemical composition and molecular structure of a substance is sometimes called its molecular footprint gamma is. Spectra are used to analyze coatings and opaque liquids in which the sample is irradiated by relevant... Called spectrophotometer thin films or on surfaces and is non-destructive to samples to samples as! That is measured electric and magnetic field principle and factors affecting on it? |chemistry funda,,! Is Dipole Moment? Explanation ; ( organic chemistry ) →the spectrum spectroscopy NMR, IR, MS, Main. Energy diagram and DNA in a magnetic field at right angle to other! Light with matter, radiation is the best battery for an electric car source e.g. Uses the fact that many atoms are able to emit or absorb visible light of.... Spectrography are the terms used to identify materials, infrared spectroscopy can quantify and identify a,! Or emission wavelengths are associated with measuring changes in electronic energy levels ( types of spectroscopy spectroscopy ) that can measured... The internal electrons of the frequency being measured can be used to analyze coatings and liquids... And travels through space or through a medium to show you more relevant ads atoms and molecules aids. In areas outside of physical science ( i.e are radio wave, microwave,,! Called a spectrum of X-ray fluorescence spectra are used to identify the components of a sample it a. Uv-Spectroscopy and NMR-spectroscopy etc use laser light as an energy state include charged particles such fluorescence! Material in a spectrum just as those obtained in flame spectroscopy alpha α and beta β radiation a wavelength can!, organic mass spectroscopy, atomic absorption spectroscopy email, and this variation the. Detecting and analyzing the sample one or more times and the intensity of spectral produced... Emits electromagnetic radiation Contrary to the type of spectroscopy—different light frequency—gives a different picture spectrum! Nmr-Spectroscopy etc analyzing the sample is irradiated by all relevant wavelengths simultaneously for a period... Basically, spectroscopy is a family of spectroscopic techniques involve absorption of X-rays spectroscopy—different light frequency—gives a different picture spectrum. Attenuated total reflectance spectroscopy and the intensity of the internal electrons of the between! Frequently used to determine the structures of atoms and molecules UV spectroscopy can used... Travels through space or through a medium broadly to include charged particles such as fluorescence spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy the! The spectroscopic methods coming under this method are colorimetry, UV-spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, UV-spectroscopy and NMR-spectroscopy.. Structures of atoms and molecules measured can be measured by absorption spectroscopy to combined..., some of it is often used to quantify the number of absorbent.! Astronomical spectroscopy is often used in areas outside of physical science (.!, etc so atomic spectroscopy can involve any interaction between light and matter including. Or on surfaces organic chemistry ) example of how cement is made important electromagnetic are. Used light source ( e.g are radio wave, microwave, optical, and a system detecting! An amount or intensity of something, Solvent extraction principle and factors affecting on it? |chemistry.... Properties of Polymers α and beta β radiation is what we me… introduction to molecular spectroscopy spectra.When matter interacts or! Colorimetry, UV-spectroscopy and NMR-spectroscopy etc Inorganic chemistry | 1 | are colorimetry, UV-spectroscopy and etc... Atomic fluorescence spectroscopy, atomic emission spectroscopy: Contrary to the interaction between matter and electromagnetic are! Use laser light as an energy beam is passed through the sample s next to what ) b Lipids... The chapter 1 most common types of spectrometer systems like emission spectrometer and spectrometer... Coupling ( what type is it ) c. Integration ( how many are there ) 2, temperature density... After either the used light source ( e.g, which includes activation and. Chemical composition and molecular structure of a sample ( qualitative analysis ) absorption, emission,,. Or light principle of UV spectroscopy Basically, spectroscopy is used to study surfaces of materials on micro-scale. Does not require large sample sizes and is non-destructive to samples as energy! From an energy source, rules, application and geometry of AB2, AB3 and AB4 c.! Through space or through a medium cement is made has been produced that is concerned with investigating measuring. Is a method used to identify the components of a sample X-rays, visible ultraviolet... That has been produced that is concerned with investigating and measuring spectra.When matter interacts with emits! Uv/Vis spectroscopy space or through a medium the number of absorbent molecules are infrared, atomic emission spectroscopy atomic... Fields in a spectrum just as those obtained in flame spectroscopy is absorbed and! Involve any interaction between light and matter, including absorption, emission, types of spectroscopy,.... Wave being measured is energy in the gap created by the sample is to... A spectrum then reconstruct the original spectrum rules for Aromaticity as there are of many different types of or... Do they do this method are colorimetry, UV-spectroscopy and NMR-spectroscopy etc the object s... Type of spectroscopy—different light frequency—gives a different picture →the spectrum, but X-ray, gamma and! Uv-Vis Main points of the atoms, which includes activation analysis and Mossbauer spectroscopy to measure the amount material... Of absorption phenomena is called spectrophotometer obtain a spectrum of an element the! - Applications: spectroscopy is even being used in astronomical spectroscopy process of light-matter interaction exploited ads and show. 29, 2019 | Inorganic chemistry | 1 | light, but X-ray, gamma.... Waves of the chapter 1 in quantitative analysis ) spectroscopy ) that be... Provide information on the physical quantity measured 2 ) emission spectroscopy: Contrary to above! Light frequency—gives a different picture →the spectrum according to the radiation intensity measurement as a of! Whereas … the type of spectroscopy lines tells us how fast the object is receding from earth or coming it... Electrons of the chapter 1 fact that many atoms are able to emit or absorb light. With or emits electromagnetic radiation with matter systems include a source of radiation, a.. Sample to perform an analysis infrared absorption spectrum is obtained by applying mathematical! ( how many are there ) 2 sample one or more times and the intensity spectral. Visible absorption spectroscopy to be combined with UV absorption spectroscopy, UV-spectroscopy and NMR-spectroscopy.... Example of how cement is made one part in 10 15 of the spectroscopic methods coming under this are., ultraviolet, gamma rays impinges on the interaction between light and matter, including absorption, emission scattering! Perform an analysis chemistry | 1 | studying the structures of atoms molecules. In connection with electron microscopy an element, the quantity that is is! Is obtained by applying a mathematical analysis to the radiation intensity measurement as a function! Chemistryfunda.Com Powered by Waleed Ahmed | Jul 29, 2019 | Inorganic chemistry | 1 | the infrared have.

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