crown prince in arabic

[7] He has been described as the power behind the throne of his father, King Salman. [256][257] President Trump praised his relationship with Prince Mohammed. Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed al Nahyan of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) will visit Paris on November 21, 2018. [62] On 4 November 2017, the Saudi press announced the arrest of the Saudi prince and billionaire Al-Waleed bin Talal, a frequent English-language news commentator and a major shareholder in Citi, News Corp and Twitter, as well as over 40 princes and government ministers at the behest of the Crown Prince on corruption and money laundering charges. [54], Mohammed bin Salman was appointed Crown Prince on 21 June 2017, following his father's decision to depose Muhammad bin Nayef, making him heir presumptive to the throne. [47], In the last week of September 2018, Mohammed bin Salman inaugurated the much-awaited $6.7bn high-speed railway line connecting Mecca and Medina, two holiest cities of Islam. "[150][151][152], On 23 April 2019, 37 people, mostly Shia human rights activists involved in the Qatif conflict, were executed in one of the largest mass executions of the minority sect in the kingdom's history. "[217], In March 2019, US senators accused Saudi Arabia for a number of repetitive misdeeds and criticised the crown prince, saying he has gone "full gangster". The person who made the call was identified as Maher Abdulaziz Mutreb, a security officer who is frequently seen travelling with the prince. [9][10][11], He has led several successful reforms, which include regulations restricting the powers of the religious police,[12] the removal of the ban on female drivers in June 2018,[13] and weakening the male-guardianship system in August 2019. American intelligence officials believe that "boss" was a reference to the crown prince. "[132], In response to the Saudi anti male-guardianship campaign,[14] the Saudi Government enacted a law that allows women above 21 years old to obtain passports and travel abroad without needing the permission of their male guardians. [72], US President Trump expressed support for the move, tweeting "I have great confidence in King Salman and the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, they know exactly what they are doing....Some of those they are harshly treating have been 'milking' their country for years! Mohammed bin Salman believed that Hariri was in the pocket of Iran-backed Hezbollah, which is a major political force in Lebanon. [176], In August 2018, a report by The Intercept cited unnamed sources claiming that former US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson had in June 2017 intervened to stop a Saudi-Emirati plan to invade Qatar, resulting in increased pressure from Saudi Arabia and the UAE for his removal from office. "[206], After the murder, Mohammed bin Salman's close confidant Ahmad Asiri was sacked,[207] as was former advisor Saud al-Qahtani. He is currently serving as the country's deputy prime minister (the title of prime minister being held by the king) and is also Chairman of the Council for Economic and Development Affairs, Chairman of the Council of Political and Security Affairs, and Minister of Defense– the world's yo… [204][205], Prince Mohammed has denied any involvement in the murder and blamed the assassination on rogue operators. [222][223][224] The prince denied in an interview with CBS' 60 Minutes, aired on 29 September 2019, any personal involvement in the killing of Jamal Khashoggi, adding that "once charges are proven against someone, regardless of their rank, it will be taken to court, no exception made", but said that he had to take "full responsibility for what happened". Walid wrote on Twitter that the Saudi state security laid a proposal for Loujain to sign a document and appear on camera to deny that she had been tortured and sexually harassed in jail. The Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia is the second most important position in Saudi Arabia, second to the King, and is his designated successor.Currently, the Crown Prince assumes power with the approval of the Allegiance Council after he is appointed by the King. Every day, the Saudi monarchy's unrestrained despotism makes it harder for its public relations teams to spin the fairy tale of 'reform' to allies and international business. [238], Mohammed bin Salman married his cousin, Princess Sarah bint Mashour bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, a daughter of Mashour bin Abdulaziz, on 6 April 2008, and they have four children, all of whom were named after their grandparents..[30][239][240][241] In 2018 his personal net worth was estimated at US$3.0 billion. [150] HRW's Middle East director Sarah Leah Whitson said, "Any execution is appalling, but seeking the death penalty for activists like Israa al-Ghomgham, who are not even accused of violent behaviour, is monstrous. Saudi officials said they are "working to search for him". Steven Mufson of The Washington Post argues that Crown Prince Mohammed "knows that only if he can place the royal family under the law, and not above as it was in the past, can he ask the whole country to change their attitudes relative to taxes [and] subsidies. Can he make his vision come true? Western diplomats say that Mohammed bin Salman was strongly influenced by his Emirati counterpart, crown prince of Abu Dhabi Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed. Prince Khalid bin Sultan Al Qasimi of Sharjah. [12] He established an entertainment authority that began hosting comedy shows, professional wrestling events, and monster truck rallies. [36], On 23 January 2015, King Abdullah died, Salman took the throne and Prince Mohammed bin Salman was appointed minister of defence. ", "Mohammad bin Salman named new Saudi Crown Prince", "Mohammed bin Nayef kingpin in new Saudi Arabia: country experts", "Saudi Arabia will return to moderate, open Islam and 'will destroy extremist ideas', says crown prince", "Saudi Arabia's king replaces nephew with son as heir to throne", "Saudi king names son as new crown prince, upending the royal succession line", "Saudi royal decrees announcing Prince Mohammed BinSalman as the new crown prince", "Rise of Saudi Prince Shatters Decades of Royal Tradition", "Saudi Arabia will finally allow women to drive", "Saudi women can now travel without consent – but this progress is fragile", "Saudi Arabia to allow women to enter stadiums to watch soccer", "Mohammed bin Salman's reforms in Saudi Arabia could benefit us all", "Saudi Arabia is considering an IPO of Aramco, probably the world's most valuable company", "Saudi Arabia denies rights activists tortured and sexually harassed in jail", "Yemen on brink of 'world's worst famine in 100 years' if war continues", "Saudi Crown Prince calls Qatar embargo a 'small issue, "Saudi Arabia must immediately free women human rights defenders held in crackdown, say UN experts", Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, "Saudi women's rights activist arrested as long-time driving ban lifted", "Saudi Arabia arrests more women's rights activists: HRW", "Mohammed Bin Salman, Saudi Arabia's Prince Of Chaos", "Mohammed bin Salman Al Saud: The young hothead who would be king", "Surprising Saudi Rises as a Prince Among Princes", "Profile of a Prince: Promise and Peril in Mohammed bin Salman's Vision 2030", Profile of Prince Mohammed bin Salman – Defense Minister of Saudi Arabia, "HRH Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz to inaugurate Cityscape Riyadh 2011", "Prince Sultan arrives to Bahrain to attend Bahrain Grand Prix", "Leadership's trust in me is my motivation – Muhammad", "Prince Mohammed appointed president of crown prince court", "Prince Mohammed bin Salman appointed Special Advisor to Crown Prince", "Saudi Prince Mohammed bin Salman named defense minister", Profile: Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, "Saudi Succession: The King Is Dead, Long Live the King", Saudi and Arab allies bomb Houthi positions in Yemen, "Risk-taking Saudi prince gambling with stability", "Saudi Arabia's king appoints new interior minister", "King Salman: The man in charge of the 'most dangerous man in the world, "Transcript: Interview with Muhammad bin Salman", "Prince Mohammed bin Salman: Naive, arrogant Saudi prince is playing with fire", "Saudi Arabia announces 34-state Islamic military alliance against terrorism", "More than 40 Islamic countries just met and vowed to wipe terrorism off the map", "Mohammed bin Salman named Saudi Arabia's crown prince", "Saudi Arabia 'destabilising Arab world', German intelligence warns", "Prince Mohammed bin Salman: Naive, arrogant Saudi prince is playing with fire: German intelligence memo shows the threat from the kingdom's headstrong defence minister", "Germany Rebukes Its Own Intelligence Agency for Criticizing Saudi Policy", "Trump congratulates newly-elevated Saudi Arabian crown prince", "A young prince is reimagining Saudi Arabia. [234][235][236] China has imprisoned up to 2 million Uyghurs and other predominantly Muslim ethnic minorities in China's north-western province of Xinjiang in concentration camps, where they are allegedly subjected to abuse and torture. [253][254], Mohammed has travelled extensively around the world, meeting with politicians, business leaders and celebrities. [50], In late 2015, Prince Mohammed attended a meeting between King Salman and U.S. President Barack Obama, where the prince broke protocol to deliver a monologue criticising U.S. foreign policy. [53] The IMCTC's first meeting took place in Riyadh in November 2017 and involved defence ministers and officials from 41 countries. Fancy a game? [135][225], On 9 July 2020, four senators of the United States urged President Donald Trump to secure the freedom of Saad Aljabri’s children, Omar Aljabri and Sarah Aljabri, calling it a “moral obligation” to support a man who aided the US intelligence for years and had close ties with key members of Saudi royal family. Please help by adding references that support its inclusion, or remove the category if none exist. Salman's comments received severe criticism worldwide. The kingdom aims to build 16 nuclear facilities over the next 20 years. View all [229][230] Following the lawsuit filed by Aljabri, the US District Court for the District of Columbia issued the summons against the Saudi Crown Prince, along with 11 other people. (Ohad Zwigenberg/Pool Photo via AP, File) [203], In the aftermath of Khashoggi's death, multiple commentators referred to bin Salman as "Mister Bone Saw," a play on the initials MBS. The Crown Prince Court (CPC), or the Diwan as it is locally known, is an independent entity that enjoys full legal status as a government body. He made Mohammed bin Salman his private advisor. One hypothesis for the arrests was that they were part of a power grab on the part of Salman. [68] Bin Salman's ambitious reform agenda is widely popular with Saudi Arabia's burgeoning youth population but faces resistance from some of the old guard more comfortable with the kingdom's traditions of incremental change and rule by consensus. Vision 2030 plans to reform Saudi's economy towards a more diversified and privatised structure. Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Arabic: حمدان بن محمد بن راشد آل مكتوم ‎) (born 14 November 1982) is the Crown Prince of Dubai, United Arab Emirates.He is popularly known as Fazza (Arabic: فزاع ‎), the name under which he publishes his poetry, and which means "the one who helps" in Arabic. [127] According to him, he aimed to have Saudi Arabia start "returning to what we were before—a country of moderate Islam that is open to all religions and to the world". [244] In June 2016, he travelled to Silicon Valley and met key people in the US high tech industry, including Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg. Court documents show that he received and read the message", "Saudi crown prince defends China's right to put Uighur Muslims in concentration camps", "Saudi Arabia's Mohammed bin Salman Defends China's Use of Concentration Camps for Muslims During Visit to Beijing", "Saudi crown prince defended China's imprisonment of a million Muslims in internment camps, giving Xi Jinping a reason to continue his 'precursors to genocide, "Saudi crown prince defends China's right to fight 'terrorism, "Jeff Bezos hack: Amazon boss's phone 'hacked by Saudi crown prince, "Reports of Saudi Crown Prince's Domestic Violence Emerge", "Saudi Arabia's Mohammed bin Salman: Reformer and hard-liner", "Mohammed bin Salman -- the reformer behind Saudi Arabia's shakeup", Prince Mohammed books out hotel to dine with Murdoch, "A 30-year-old Saudi prince could jump-start the kingdom – or drive it off a cliff", "World's Most Expensive Home? [158][159][160] Coalition airstrikes during the intervention have resulted in thousands of civilians killed or injured,[161] prompting accusations of war crimes in the intervention. [219], In June 2019, a UN report linked bin Salman to the assassination. Hariri eventually was released, went back to Lebanon and annulled his resignation. ", "Saudis' Image Makers: A Troll Army and a Twitter Insider", "Saudi 'Mr. [194], Reuters reported that Prince Mohammed "said the dispute with Qatar could be long-lasting, comparing it to the U.S. embargo of Cuba imposed 60 years ago, but played down its impact, dismissing the Gulf emirate as "smaller than a Cairo street". [117], According to the Saudi Information Ministry, as of March 2018[update], mothers in Saudi Arabia became authorised to retain immediate custody of their children after divorce without having to file any lawsuits. Prince Khalid bin Sultan is another handsome Arab prince who is keenly interested in fashion arts and music. The Interpol notice against Aljabri was removed, citing that he was a political opponent to Mohammed bin Salman. The Royal Standard of the Crown Prince consists of a green flag, with an Arabic inscription and a sword featured in white, and with the national emblem embroidered in Silver in the lower right canton. The summons stated that a judgement would be taken by default against the concerned parties, if they fail to respond. [110] The scheme will enable expatriates to permanently reside, own property and invest in the Kingdom. "[215] On 5 December 2018, UN Human Rights chief Michelle Bachelet asked for an international investigation to determine who was behind the journalist's murder. [30] She is a granddaughter of Rakan bin Hithalayn, who was the head of the Al Ajman tribe. "Lack of accountability is one thing, but allowing … [59] Mohammed bin Salman told the Washington Post in April 2017 that without America's cultural influence on Saudi Arabia, "we would have ended up like North Korea. Even more translations in the Turkish-English dictionary by The Crown Prince Court (CPC), or the Diwan as it is locally known, is an independent entity that enjoys full legal status as a government body. Saudi King Salman has long supported the Palestinians in their effort to secure an independent state. [129] Building an industrial culture was not compatible with Wahhabism. Or learning new words is more your thing? [113][114], In April 2017, bin Salman announced a project to build one of the world's largest cultural, sports and entertainment cities in Al Qidiya, southwest of Riyadh. Saudi National Guard minister Prince Mutaib bin Abdullah, who was out of the country, was left out of the loop of operations. [42] In addition, he retained his post as the minister of state. [221] According to an interview in a PBS documentary film recorded in December 2018 and parts released in September 2019, Mohammed bin Salman bears responsibility for the killing of Khashoggi since it happened under his watch but he denies any knowledge of the murder in advance. [199] Saudi Arabia denied the accusations and Salman invited Turkish authorities to search the building as they "have nothing to hide". [91], In March 2018, Prince Mohammed referred to Turkey as part of a "triangle of evil" alongside Iran and Muslim Brotherhood. [89] In April 2015, Prince Mohammed bin Salman was given control over Saudi Aramco by royal decree following his appointment as deputy crown prince. [107] Efforts to diversify the Saudi energy sector also include wind and solar, including a 1.8 gigawatt solar plant announced in the same month as part of a long term project in partnership with SoftBank. [186] Prince Mohammed subsequently defended the Trump administration's travel ban for nationals of 7 Muslim-majority countries, stating that "Saudi Arabia does not believe that this measure is targeting Muslim countries or the religion of Islam". The Israeli Foreign Ministry’s Arabic-language page shared the photo, which promptly went viral. [124], Mohammed bin Salman slashed the state budget, freezing government contracts and reducing the pay of civil employees as part of drastic austerity measures. These sentences come from external sources and may not be accurate. "[178], Andrew Smith, of Campaign Against Arms Trade (CAAT), said that Jeremy Hunt and Boris Johnson "have played an utterly central and complicit role in arming and supporting the Saudi-led destruction of Yemen. is not responsible for their content. [32], Prince Mohammed bin Salman is the eldest among his mother's children and is the eighth child and seventh son of his father;[29] his full siblings include Turki bin Salman, former chairman of the Saudi Research and Marketing Group, and Khalid bin Salman. [143][144] Eight of the 17 were subsequently released. From 2015 till May 2019 the number of total deaths of children is said to be approximately 85,000. [14] Other cultural developments under his reign include the first Saudi public concerts by a female singer, the first Saudi sports stadium to admit women,[15] an increased presence of women in the workforce,[16] and opening the country to international tourists by introducing an e-visa system, allowing foreign visas to be applied for and issued via the Internet. [177], Following the murder of Khashoggi, the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations approved a resolution to impose sanctions on people blocking humanitarian access in Yemen and suspend arms sales to Saudi Arabia. "[50][47][52][157] German officials reacted to the BND's memo, saying the published statement "is not the position of the federal government". In 2016, he announced plans to list the shares of the state oil company Saudi Aramco. Israeli media are reporting that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu flew to Saudi Arabia for a clandestine meeting with Crown Prince Mohammed bin … [125][47], In September 2017, bin Salman implemented the women to drive movement's multi-decade demand to lift the ban on female drivers. The name refers to the alleged use of a bone saw to dispose of Khashoggi's remains. Israeli media reported Monday, Nov. 23, 2020 that Netanyahu flew to Saudi Arabia for a clandestine meeting with Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, which would mark the first known encounter between senior Israeli and Saudi officials. [46] While there was agreement among those Saudi princes heading security services regarding the necessity of a response to the Houthis' seizure of Sana'a, which had forced the Yemeni government into exile, Prince Mohammed launched the intervention without full coordination across security services. It's been young Saudis, particularly younger Saudi men in the street". He is also the deputy supreme commander of the Bahrain Defense Force . "Donald J. Trump on Twitter: "Some of those they are harshly treating have been 'milking' their country for years! The king had decreed the creation of a powerful new anticorruption committee, headed by the crown prince, only hours before the committee ordered the arrests. Trump also believes that the crown prince at least knew about the plan, saying "Well, the prince is running things over there more so at this stage. The squad was identified and returned by Canadian authorities. He soon began remaking the court in his own image. [168][125][50] More than 50,000 children in Yemen died from starvation in 2017. [citation needed] [184] The meeting included Joel Zamel, an Israeli specialist in social media manipulation, Lebanese-American businessman George Nader, and Blackwater founder Erik Prince. He's running things and so if anybody were going to be, it would be him. After the Egyptian presidency confirmed that President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi and Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed had discussed Saudi … He is currently serving as the country's deputy prime minister[6] (the title of prime minister being held by the king) and is also Chairman of the Council for Economic and Development Affairs, Chairman of the Council of Political and Security Affairs, and Minister of Defense – the world's youngest at the time of his appointment. ", "Saudis shield crown prince as death penalty sought over Khashoggi murder", "Saudi prosecutor seeks death penalty for Khashoggi murder, says journalist was killed by sedative overdose", "CIA concludes Saudi crown prince ordered Jamal Khashoggi's assassination", "Khashoggi murder: Saudi crown prince crazy, says US senator", "Saudi crown prince 'ordered, monitored' killing of Khashoggi, Corker says", "U.N. rights boss Bachelet seeks international inquiry into Khashoggi murder", "Saudi Prince Slams CIA Assessment Report on Khashoggi Murder", "U.S. senators say Saudi crown prince has gone 'full gangster, "Saudi prince has gone 'full gangster,' says Rubio, as lawmakers decry kingdom's abuses", "'Credible evidence' ties Saudi prince to Khashoggi murder, UN expert says,", "Guardian told it was target of Saudi hacking unit after Khashoggi killing", "Saudi Crown Prince Says Khashoggi Was Killed 'Under My Watch, "Mohammad Bin Salman: Jamal Khashoggi murder 'happened under my watch,' Saudi crown prince tells PBS | World News - Times of India", "Mohammed bin Salman accepts responsibility for Jamal Khashoggi murder", "Mohammed bin Salman denies personal involvement in Khashoggi killing in '60 Minutes' interview but says it was carried out by Saudi officials", "Senators Press Trump to Help Free Children of Saudi Ex-Official", "Saudi Arabia Wants Its Fugitive Spymaster Back", "The Saudi crown prince, Interpol and an alleged assassination plot", "Aljabri Complaint: Case 1:20-cv-02146-TJK Document 1", "US court issues summons for Saudi Arabia's Mohammed bin Salman", "Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman got served a lawsuit via WhatsApp.

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